Southern Illinois University Carbondale

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TEN NEW LEARNING RESOURCES in arts, science & history have been added to FREE, the website that makes finding federal learning resources easier:

This week in celebration of "Excellence in Science, Technology, Engineering, & Mathematics Education (ESTEME) Week," FREE is featuring resources in those disciplines. Throughout April, FREE is highlighting jazz resources in honor of Jazz Appreciation Month.


"Gilbert Stuart"
 examines the life & career of early America's most successful portraitist.  The son of a Rhode Island snuff miller, Stuart (1755-1828) mastered portraiture in London & Dublin.  Upon returning to America in 1793, he demonstrated a talent for conveying the likeness & personality of his subjects.  He is known for his portraits of famous people of early America, including the first five Presidents of the U.S. (NGA)

"Toulouse-Lautrec & Montmartre"
focuses on paintings, posters, & other works by Lautrec depicting the decadent spirit & bohemian life of this hilltop working-class district on the outskirts of Paris at the turn of the 20th century.  A special web feature discusses Montmartre celebrities, cafes & cabarets, brothels, & circuses portrayed by Lautrec (1864-1901), as well as his first lithograph -- the poster that made him an overnight sensation. (NGA)

"Andre Kertesz"
presents 10 photos from the 70-year career of one of the world's great photographers. Kertesz (1894-1985) is known for his simple yet compelling & poetic photos. This exhibit at the National Gallery of Art (through May 15, 2005) focuses on several themes, including the unexpected & sometimes bizarre scenes encountered in modern urban life. (NGA)

"Fauve Painting from the Permanent Collection"
commemorates the 100th anniversary of an 1905 Paris exhibition where paintings by Henri Matisse, Andre Derain, & others were jeered as an "orgy of pure color," primitive & brutal. One critic called it fauve ("wild beast") painting, & the epithet stuck. A special web feature explores the birth & development of fauve, the first avant-garde wave in the 20th century. (NGA)

"Islamic Art & Culture: A Resource for Teachers"
is a 64-page booklet on Islamic art -- art produced in lands ruled by Muslim leaders -- after the founding of Islam (7th century) to the peak of the last two great Islamic empires, the Ottoman & the Safavid (17th century). Architecture, calligraphy, manuscript illumination, metalwork, ceramics,
glass, & textiles are included, along with an historical survey of Islam. (NGA)


"Excellence in Science, Technology, Engineering, & Mathematics Education (ESTEME) Week"
is April 11-15, 2005.  Visit the gallery of award-winning sites to learn about numbers in everyday life, cell biology & evolution, earth & the environment, what's in toothpaste, how molecules affect us, & the science behind the headlines. Design a virtual roller coaster, watch an ancient Mesoamerican ballgame, compose music, & explore tombs in the Valley of the Kings. (MA)

"National Science Digital Library"
invites students to try its "ask an expert" service to get answers to questions about math, science, technology, & engineering.  A portal for middle school math & science teachers features hands-on experiences with measurement, how energy moves & changes, & the basics of aerodynamics. (NSF)

"NOVA scienceNOW"
is the companion website for a TV show on science breakthroughs & personalities.  Learn about a frog that freezes solid in winter & comes back to life in spring.  Watch videos about robot "swarms" that work together on a task, a newly discovered system in the brain, tools for predicting a hurricane's intensity, & why some sand dunes burp, sing, & croak.  A teacher's guide & transcript are included.   The show is hosted by Robert Krulwich & airs five times a year. (NSF)

"Brighten Up the Classroom"
provides papers on the aurora & ionosphere, scales for measuring space weather, & a textbook for high school teachers& advanced students -- "Solar Physics & Terrestrial Effects."
The textbook examines a range of topics: the evolution& structure of the sun, sunspots & solar flares, the corona& chromosphere, solar-terrestrial interactions, building a spectroscope, measuring the solar constant, & seeing at different wavelengths. (NOAA)

"Classifying Galaxies"
is a lesson plan on the Hubble system of classifying galaxies. Students learn what a galaxy is, how the galaxy classification system of Edwin Hubble assigns galaxies to different groups according to their shapes, & how that system can be used to categorize unknown galaxies. (NASA)

"Cosmology 101"
is a primer on scientific efforts to understand the origin, evolution, & fate of the universe. Among the questions it explores: What types of matter & energy fill the universe? What is the age & shape of the universe? How rapidly is it expanding? The website examines the Big Bang theory, as well as tests & limitations of the theory. (NASA)

"Eyes on the Sky & Feet on the Ground"
provides hundreds of hands-on astronomy explorations for Grades 2-6. Topics include earth's rotation & orbit, earth's tilt, shadows, seasons, time zones, the moon, calendars, maps, the solar system, & tides. Activities help students understand the scientific process. Suggestions are included
for discussions before & after explorations. (SI)


"Brown v. Board: Five Communities That Changed America"
describes five cases the Supreme Court agreed to hear in 1952     under one title:  "Brown v. Board of Education."  The cases originated in Delaware, Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, & Washington, D.C.   Each contested the "separate but equal" doctrine of the Court's 1896 "Plessy v. Ferguson" decision, which by the 1950s had resulted in 17 states requiring racial segregation in public schools & 4 states allowing it.

"Floyd Bennett Field: Naval Aviation's Home in Brooklyn"
recounts the role of this airport in aviation history & World War II.  In 1931, it was among the most advanced airports in the world.  From it, early aviators launched pioneering & round-the-world flights during the 1930s.  After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, its duties as Naval Air Station New York grew rapidly.  During the 1942 U-Boat offensive, it provided air cover for ship convoys embarking from New York. (NPS,TwHP,NRHP)

"Glorieta & Raton Passes: Gateways to the Southwest"
examines the role of these two passes in ensuring that the Southwest would become & remain part of the U.S.  Learn about  traders & armies that depended on the passes, which were part of the Santa Fe Trail, as the best way to get through the Sangre de Cristo Mountains.  The Santa Fe Trail was a key trade route until the railroad reached Santa Fe in 1880.  Like the trail, the railroad & later highways ran through the two passes. (NPS,TwHP,NRHP)

"Mechanics Hall: Symbol of Pride & Industry"
traces the history of Mechanics Hall & Worcester back to the industrial revolution.  Built by the mechanics association for classes, public debates, lectures, & entertainment, the hall opened in 1857 as showcase of innovative building techniques & mechanical systems.  It remained the center of Worcester's cultural life into the mid-20th century. (NPS,TwHP,NRHP)

"The Trail of Tears: The Forced Relocation of the Cherokee Nation"
tells about the removal of the Cherokee Nation from their ancestral homeland (NC, TN, GA, AL) to "Indian Territory" (now Oklahoma).  After passage of the Indian Removal Act & the discovery of gold on Cherokee lands (1830), about 100,000 American Indians living between the original 13 states & the Mississippi River were relocated to Oklahoma.  The trails they followed came to be known as the Trail of Tears. (NPS,TwHP,NRHP)

"Black History Month 2005 Feature Stories"
offers 28 public service announcements for radio. Each 60- second sound clip tells the story of one African American who made significant contributions in architecture, art, automobile manufacturing, dance, chemistry, drafting, engineering, fashion design, law, medicine, military service, ophthalmology, physics, poetry, teaching, or another field or profession. (USCB)

"The E Pluribus Unum Project"
examines Americans' attempt to make "one from many" in three pivotal decades: the 1770s, 1850s, & 1920s. Each decade is framed by an introductory essay with links to key topics& primary documents, including the Declaration of Independence, newspapers, & the rhetoric of the evolution; reform, cultures of the North & South, religion, & popular movements; and prohibition, Broadway, evangelical Protestantism, & the Roaring Twenties. (NEH)

"The Elizabeth Murray Project"
looks at the eventful life of Elizabeth Murray as a window into the world of revolutionary America. Murray was a shopkeeper in 18th-century Boston (selling imported British fashions) and married three times. Her friends included officers in both the Colonial & British armies, & her home was
used as quarters by both armies. (NEH)

"Henry Luce"
is the companion website for a film about the missionary's son who founded "Time" & "Life" magazines & became, in the late 1930s, America's most powerful mass communicator. The website
includes an essay, career timeline, video clips not in the film, & an interview with the filmmaker. (NEH)

"The Most Dangerous Woman in America"
is a companion website for a film that examines the case of Typhoid Mary, a cook who was quarantined for life against her will in the early 1900s. The site includes a history of quarantine, a letter Mary Mallon wrote when petitioning the courts for her release, an examination of whether public health officials were to blame for Mallon's behavior, & a mysterious "disease outbreak" for students to solve. (NEH)